Research View 2014-2016 Table of Contents

Research View 029

The NEXT STEP of Genome X Statistics

[Genetic Function Systems] Satoshi Kuriki (Professor, The Institute of Statistical Mathematics), Hironori Fujisawa (Professor, The Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

In March 2016, the Research Commons Project will end following three fruitful years. One of its research projects, "Genetic Function Systems," had evolved over 10 years having carried forth integrated research since the founding of the Institute.

Research View 028

Repatriation of the “Bean-Spotted” Fancy Mouse

[Genetic Function Systems] Toshihiko Shiroishi (National Institute of Genetics, Vice Director & Professor)

In addition to having an ideal genetic system for experimentation, the laboratory mouse, Mus musculus, has over 100 years of history of being used in the laboratory alongside the common fruit fly (Drosophila).

Research View 027

Statistical thinking reshapes natural language processing

[Analysis of meta-knowledge structures] Daichi Mochihashi (Associate Professor, The Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

For humans and machines to coexist, natural language processing—the study of human language—is essential. Language has long been seen as a tool of thought that is unique to human, and not found in other animals.

Research View 026

Toward Open Web Data

[e-science Fundamental Technology] Hideaki Takeda (Professor, National Institute of Informatics)

Since a time well before the invention of the web, Professor Hideaki Takeda (National Institute of Informatics) has focused on human knowledge and on how machines might exploit the abundance of this knowledge.

Research View 025

Harnessing the Power of Resilience

[Systems Resilience] Hiroshi Maruyama (Professor, The Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

Prof. Hiroshi Maruyama of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics has led our organization's research project, “Systems Resilience," for four years. Ahead of the end of the project in March 2016, it co-hosted

Research View 024

Artificial Intelligence: our wait for machine-readable Big Data

[e-Science Fundamental Technology] Noriko Arai (Professor, National Institute of Informatics)

Research and development for researchmap started as "Science 2" in integrated research, immediately after the launch of the Research Organization of Information and Systems.

Research View 023

New ecosystems found in glaciers near the equator

[Earth/Environment Systems] Jun Uetake (Transdisciplinary Research Integration Center/National Institute of Polar Research)

Even in tropical regions located directly on the equator there are mountains with glaciers. Such mountains include the 5,895 meter-high Mount Kilimanjaro (Tanzania),

Research View 022

Moving Toward a Better Society Using Knowledge Gained from Data

[Human and Social Data] Satoshi Yamashita (Professor, the Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

Professor Satoshi Yamashita, director of the Risk Analysis Research Center at the Institute of Statistical Mathematics in Tokyo, promotes research involving both "social communication" and "human and social data" at the Research Commons Project.

Research View 021

Supporting Structures for Building Great Teams

[Data assimilation and simulation support technologies] Tomoyuki Higuchi (Director-General, The Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

Professor Tomoyuki Higuchi has been leading projects related to Data Assimilation and Simulation Support Technology at the Research Commons since the inception of the Transdisciplinary Research Integration Center in Inter-University Research Institute Corporation Research Organization of Information and Systems (ROIS).

Research View 020

Adventure of the Blooming Data Centric Science

[Earth environment data] Kaoru Sato (The University of Tokyo, Professor)

Bestowed with a flower’s name, PANSY is a large atmospheric radar project ongoing at Syowa Station in the Antarctic.

Research View 019

People's Actions Have a Pattern

[Analysis of meta-knowledge structures] Yusuke Miyao (National Institute of Informatics, Associate Professor)

Much of the data that humankind produces on a daily basis has been accumulated in the form of “text.” As against machine-readable “programming language,” that which we humans use is called “natural language.

Research View 018

Visualization for discovering new facts from data

[Image Data Analysis] Tomoko Matsui (Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Professor), Ryo Yoshida (Institute of Statistical Mathematics, Associate Professor)

Nowadays, we are able to utilize massive amounts of data related to organisms, human society, and the universe. However, as the volume of data grows,

Research View 017

Evolutionary Strategies of Diverse Wildlife

[Systems resilience] Jun Kitano (National Institute of Genetics - Project Associate Professor)

The Great East Japan Earthquake that occurred in 2011 (Heisei 23) resulted in a giant tsunami that struck the Tohoku Region of Japan.

Research View 016

A Vision for a Future Where Statistical Data Benefits Society

[Human and Social Data] Hiroe Tsubaki (Vice Director-General of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

Japan's 1947 Statistics Act underwent a thorough revision in April 2009, around 60 years after it was first introduced.

Research View 015

Archiving the winds above Antarctica

[Earth environment data] Takuji Nakamura (Professor at National Institute of Polar Research)

We have been conducting research  observations with  the "Program of the Antarctic Showa MST/IS radar" (PANSY radar) since 2012.

Research View 014

BioHackathon 2014, Road to Data Integration

[Life Science Data (DBCLS)] Toshiaki Katayama (Project Assistant Professor, DBCLS), and Atsuko Yamaguchi (Project Associate Professor, DBCLS)

"Hackathon" in short, is a coding event where spirited programmers gather for a short period to work on development and solve topics through highly intensive interaction. BioHackathon adopted this style in 2008.

Research View 013

The Challenge of Open Data x Finance

[Social Communication] Hiroshi Tsuda (Professor, Doshisha University)

On Wall Street, which is one of several places on the leading edge of financial engineering, it is said that robots (programs) are already playing a significant role in trading.

Research View 012

Everything about “moss pillars” living in extreme environments

[Earth/Environment Systems] Satoshi Imura (Professor at the National Institute of Polar Research)

Twenty years ago, a green object with a mountain-like shape similar to that of an anthill was found in a pond close to the Showa Station.

Research View 011

Chemical space travel on your desktop - Towards molecular discovery

[Data Centric Chemistry] Hiroko Satoh (Associate Professor, National Institute of Informatics)

The benzene ring (C6H6), consisting of six carbon atoms and six hydrogen atoms, would be one of the most common chemical structures not only for chemists.

Research View 010

Understanding the cell through the viewpoint of architectonics

[Data assimilation and simulation support technologies] Akatsuki Kimura (Associate Professor, National Institute of Genetics)

Associate Professor Akatsuki Kimura (National Institute of Genetics) is participating in the research commons “Data Assimilation / Simulation Support Technology” project led by the Institute of Statistical Mathematics.

Research View 009

What is the Mechanism by Which a "Species" is Formed?

[Genetic Function Systems] Ayako Oka (Project researcher, Transdisciplinary Research Integration Center)

A “mule,” the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse, cannot reproduce, and therefore cannot leave any descendants.

Research View 008

Where do auroras fall?

[Data assimilation and simulation support technologies] Satoko Saita (Specially appointed researcher at the Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

In the current era, the movement of astronomical objects can be predicted with high accuracy. Similarly, can we predict aurora much like weather forecasting?

Research View 007

How Will Infectious Diseases Spread in Cities?

[Data assimilation and simulation support technologies] Masaya Saito (Special Assistant Professor, Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

Special Assistant Professor Masaya Saito (Institute of Statistical Mathematics) is involved in the Data Assimilation and Simulation Support Technologies project.

Research View 006

Realistic Modeling by using Data

[Data assimilation and simulation support technologies] Junji Nakano (Professor, The Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

Here, we introduce the Data Assimilation and Simulation Support Technologies project, one of the three foundational projects of the Data-Centric Science Research Commons.

Research View 005

Data-Centric Policy Science that Promotes Innovation

[Social Communication] Professor Noboru Sonehara (Professor, National Institute of Informatics)

In the data-centric science research commons, Professor Noboru Sonehara is the leader of two projects-“Human and Social Data” and “Social Communication (Communication Informatics)”-and is advancing integrated research.

Research View 004

Carving ancient life and environments out of Antarctic snow and ice

[Earth/Environment Systems] Hideaki Motoyama (Professor, the National Institute of Polar Research)

At an altitude of 3,810 meters with an annual average temperature of -54 °C, researchers at the Dome Fuji Station in Antarctica drill deep into the ice sheet to obtain rare ice cores.

Research View 003

Internationally standardized data are beginning to unravel the story of life

[Database Center for Life Science (DBCLS)] DBCLS Center Chief Yuji Kohara (Project professor, National Institute of Genetics)

The field of biological sciences has been an early advocate of the creation of databases.

Research View 002

Whole genome sequence tells a story: where does cultivated rice come from?

[Genetic Function Systems] Nori Kurata (Professor, National Institute of Genetics)

Patiently confirming one’s own primary findings via continued and persistent hands on experimentation has been the traditional way of “practicing science” in biological research.

Research View 001

How Should Science Deal with the Unexpected?

[Systems Resilience] Hiroshi Maruyama (Assistant Director and Professor, The Institute of Statistical Mathematics)

The Great East Japan Earthquake occurred on March 11, 2011. Since then, corporations and others have made advances in their measures to see how they can use Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to assist in disaster recovery.